Kado and Ikebana Glossary


Aburasashi    あぶらさし(油差し)    A type of hanging bamboo vase. The original meaning is a Lubricator.

Agebana    あげばな(揚げ花)    Same as Tekka

Aikugi    あいくぎ(合釘)    A double-pointed nail

Ankou    あんこう(鮟鱇)    A type of standing bamboo vase. The original meaning is an Anglar.

Ashimoto    あしもと(足元)    Foot parts of arranged flowers.

Ashirai    あしらい    Subsidiary flower materials.


Bana    ばな(花)    A Flower. (eg: Ikebana or Moribana)

Bukka    ぶっか(仏花)    Flowers for the decoration of Buddhism statues.


Chabana    ちゃばな(茶花)    Flowers for a Japanese tearoom.

Choji-dome    ちょうじどめ(丁字留め)    A technique to hold materials, connecting materals a short branch in T-shape.    

Choshun    ちょうしゅん(長春)    Another name of Rose. It means "Everlasting Spring"


De    で(出)    A point where a branch separates.


Eda    えだ(枝)    A branch

Edaburi    えだぶり(枝振り)    The shape of a branch

Edamono    えだもの(枝物)    A woody plant (⇔Kusamono)

Enso-giri    えんそうぎり(円相切)    A circlar hole on a Zundo


Fuji-Nagasi    ふじながし(富士流し)    A stream which looks like Mt. Fuji.    

Furo    ふろう(不老)    Another name of Pine tree. It means "Forever Young".


Geido    げいどう(芸道)    Unity between art and self-cultivation


Ha    は(葉)    A leaf

Hana    はな(花、華)    A flower

Hana-Basami    はなばさみ(花鋏)    A pair of scissors for Ikebana    

Hanaire    はないれ(花入)    A flower vase, especially one used for Chabana

Hanami    はなみ(花見)    Cherry-blossom viewing

Hanaya    はなや(花屋)    A flower shop

Hasami    はさみ(鋏)    A pair of scissors

Hasu    はす(蓮)    Lotus

Happa    はっぱ(葉っぱ)    A leaf

Heian    へいあん(平安)    Another name of Bamboo. It means "Peace".

Heika    へいか(瓶花)    Same as Nageire

Hidari    ひだり(左)    The left


Ichimonji-dome    いちもんじどめ(一文字留)    A technique to hold materials, setting a branch in the mouth of a vase in I-shape.

Iga-yaki    いがやき(伊賀焼)    A pottery made in Iga

Igeta-kubari    いげたくばり(井桁配り)    A technique to hold materials, setting branches in the mouth of a vases in "#"shape.

Ikebana    いけばな(生花)    1, Japanese traditional flower arrangements

2, A style of Ikebana. It is also called Seika

Ikekomi    いけこみ(生け込み)    To put flowers in a vase on the day before an ikebana exhibition. (⇔Tekka)

Ikeru    いける(生ける、活ける)    To arrange flowers

Ikka-Ichiyo    いっかいちよう(一花一葉)    An Ikebana arrangement made by one flower and one leaf.

Imieda    いみえだ(忌み枝)    A branch which are prohibited from being used.

Imihana    いみはな(忌み花)    A flower which are prohibited from being used.

Insu    いんすう(陰数)    An even number (⇔Yosu)

In-Yo    いんよう(陰陽)    Yin and Yang

Ishianadome    いしあなどめ(石穴留め)    A flower holder of stone with holes.

Ishigumi    いしぐみ(石組)    Arrangement of stones

Isshikimono    いっしきもの(一色物)    Ikebana made by one kind material.


Jumonji-dome    じゅうもんじどめ(十文字留)    A technique to hold materials, setting branches in the mouth of a vase in +shape.


Kabin    かびん(花瓶)    A Flower vase    

Kadai    かだい(花台)    A stand for a flower vase.

Kadensho    かでんしょ(花伝書)    The books on the theory of Ikebana.

Kado    かどう(花道、華道)    Spiritual seeking through Ikebana

Kadomatsu    かどまつ(門松)    New year decorations made of pine branches or bamboo.

Kaeribana    かえりばな(返り花)    A flower which is in bloom out of season

Kago-hanaire    かごはないれ(籠花入れ)    A basket vase.    

Kaki    かき(花器)    The generic name of flower vases

Kaku    かく(格)    The standard of the shape of flowers. Some kind of Ikebana has very strict Kaku. Twigs has each name and they are fixed in their own positions and directions.

Kakubana    かくばな(格花)    Flower arrangement with Kaku.

Kao    かおう(花王)    Another name of Peony. It means "King of Flowers"

Karamono    からもの(唐物)    Chinese goods

Katen    かてん(花展、華展)    A flower exhibition of the works of Ikebana. These were held at temples or teahouse in pre-modern era . Nowadays the large-scale exhibitions are usually held in department stores.

Kazai    かざい(花材)    Flower materials

Kenzan    けんざん(剣山)    A frogs, or a needle -point flower holder.

Kinka    きんか(禁花)    Same as Imihana

Kinki    きんき(禁忌)    Taboo

Komiwara    こみわら(込み藁)    Straws used for holding materials

Kubarigi    くばりぎ(配り木)    A Y-shaped flower holder used for Seika. Also called Matagi.    

Kuden    くでん(口伝)    Oral instruction

Kuge    くげ(供華)    Flowers for decoration for Buddhism pictures or statues    

Kusamono    くさもの(草物)    A herbaceous plant (⇔Edamono)



Ma    ま(間)    The interval of space. This is a crucial factor of the beauty in Ikebana

Matagi    またぎ(又木)    Same as Kubarigi

Matsu    まつ(松)    Pine

Mazeike    まぜいけ(混ぜ生け)    A mixed arrangement    

Menjyou    めんじょう(免状)    A rank diploma

Migi    みぎ(右)    The right

Mimono    みもの(実物)    A material with fruits

Mizu    みず(水)    Water

Mizuage    みずあげ(水揚げ)    Water intake

Mizugiwa    みずぎわ(水際)    Water's edge    

Mizukiri    みずきり(水切り)    Cutting a stem in water

Mizu-mono    みずもの(水物)    A water plant ( ⇔ Oka-mono)

Moribana    もりばな(盛花)    One of forms of Ikebana. The flowers put in wide flower bowls.    


Nagashi    ながし(流し)    A streaming branch.

Nagasu    ながす(流す)    To make a stream

Nageire    なげいれ(抛入、投入)    One of forms of Ikebana. The flowers freely and naturally put in a vase.    

Nata    なた(鉈)    A hatchet

Nokishin    のきしん(除き真)    A curved Shin


Oka-mono    おかもの(陸者)    A land plant ( ⇔ Mizu-mono)

Otoshi    おとし(落とし)    A metal water container put in a Zundo.    




Rikka    りっか(立華)    One of forms of Ikebana.    

Ryuuha    りゅうは(流派)    Schools or sects

Ryugibana    りゅうぎばな(流儀花)    Same as Seika


Sakura    さくら(桜)    Japanese Cherry

Sanboku    さんぼく(三木)    Three trees for Rikka; Pine, Chinese juniper, and Japanese cypress.

Sansai    さんさい(三才)    The three powers; Heaven, Earth and Men

Sangi    さんぎ(三儀)    Same as Sansai

Sanze    さんぜ(三世)    The three world; Future, Present and Past.

Sarikirai    さりきらい(去嫌い)    Taboo

Seika    せいか(生花)    A form of Ikebana. Seika has three main branches.    

Seika    せいか(生花)    An natural flower (⇔Zouka)    

Sen    せん(線)    A line

Sendnesyo    せんでんしょう(仙伝抄)    An ancient book on Tatehana written in the 16th century.

Senka    せんか(仙果)    Another name of Peach. It means "Magical Fruits"

Shigaraki-yaki    しがらきやき(信楽焼)    A pottery made in Shigaraki

Shin    しん(真、心)    The main branch.

Shin-Gyo-So    しん、ぎょう、そう(真、行、草)    The three basic forms of flower in Ikebana. Originally these are a term of calligraphy. Shin is the most formal form, So is the most informal one, and Gyo is between them.

Shippo    しっぽう(七宝)    A kind of flower holder    

Shizen    しぜん(自然)    Nature

Souka    そうか(挿花)    Putting a flower

Sugushin    すぐしん(直真)    A straight Shin

Suiban    すいばん(水盤)    A wide flower bowl mainly used for Moribana.    

Sunanomono    すなのもの(砂之物)    A type of Rikka, arranged in a Suiban-like vase.

Syussyou    しゅっしょう(出生)    Naturality of flowers. The balance of Kaku and Syussyou is the most important and difficult factor of Ikebana.


Take    たけ(竹)    Bamboo

Tameru    ためる(矯める)    To bend branches by fingers

Tekka    てっか(撤花)    Put an arrangement off a vase on the last day of a flower exhibition. (⇔Ikekomi)

Ten'enchihou    てんえんちほう(天円地方)    The theory of Heaven-Round-Earth-Square.

Tomeru    とめる(留める)    Holding a material


Ubutate    うぶたて(生立て)    Rikka made by natural materials

Ume    うめ(梅)    Japanese Apricot

Usubata    うすばた(薄端)    A kind of flower vase    

Uzukumaru    うずくまる(蹲丸)    A kind of standing vase



Wabana    わばな(和花)    Japanese flowers

Wago    わごう(和合)    1. Concord or Harmonization,  2. Another name of Lily.



Yo    よう(用)    One of main branches of Seika

Yosu    ようすう(陽数)    An odd number (⇔Insu)

Youbana    ようばな(洋花)    Western flowers.

Youshiki    ようしき(様式)    A style

Yu    ゆう(用)    One of main branches of Moribama


Zanka    ざんか(残花)    A flower which remains long

Zouka    ぞうか(造花)    An artificial flower

Zundo    ずんど(寸渡)    A kind of flower vase shaped column. They are usually made of bamboo, earthenware or plastic.